Research Article

Building students’ conceptual understanding of operations on fractions using manipulatives: A junior high school perspective

Kwadwo Amo-Asante 1 * , Ebenezer Bonyah 1
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1 Department of Mathematics Education, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development, Kumasi, GHANA* Corresponding Author
Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 7(3), October 2023, 151-159,
Published Online: 10 June 2023, Published: 01 October 2023
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Mathematics plays a key role because it is one of the important subjects within the foundation that constitute the core curriculum for basic and secondary education. Mathematics must therefore be taught in a way to engage learners to construct their knowledge, which helps them build conceptual understanding using modern teaching strategies. Fractions are the building blocks for a solid conceptual understanding of algebra and other concepts in mathematics, especially at the basic school. Therefore, teachers must use strategies that make lessons more realistic and practical, such as manipulatives. The purpose of the study was to use manipulatives to build students’ conceptual understanding of the operations of fractions. The study design was quasi-experimental, with a pre-/post-test method used for data collection to assess the impact of the intervention design. A sample of 50 junior high school students was selected purposively for the study. The data was analyzed using SPSS v.26. The researchers concluded that using manipulatives in the teaching of fractions improved the students’ performance and helped build their conceptual understanding of the operations of fractions.


Amo-Asante, K., & Bonyah, E. (2023). Building students’ conceptual understanding of operations on fractions using manipulatives: A junior high school perspective. Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 7(3), 151-159.


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