Research Article

Examining Educational Participation in a Developing Country: The Case of Bajo Community of Bone and Luwu Districts within South Sulawesi in Indonesia

Gaffar B. Syamsul 1 * , Wasir Thalib 2 , Hamzah Nur 3
More Detail
1 Jurusan Pendidikan Luar Sekolah, Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, INDONESIA2 Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Otomotif, Fakultas Tehnik, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, INDONESIA3 Jurusan Pendidikan Tehnik Mesin, Fakultas Tehnik, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, South Sulawesi, INDONESIA* Corresponding Author
Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 6(3), October 2022, 67-73, https://doi.org/10.30935/mjosbr/12065
Published: 01 May 2022
OPEN ACCESS   551 Views   306 Downloads
Download Full Text (PDF)

ABSTRACT

Education is a shared responsibility between the government, society, and parents. The involvement of Bajo Community parents in the provision of education is expected to improve the quality of education and human resources. This study aims to reveal: (1) the participation of the Bajo community in education and (2) the form of participation of the Bajo community in education in South Sulawesi. The approach used in this study is a quantitative approach with descriptive exploratory research. This research was conducted in two regencies in South Sulawesi Province, namely Bone Regency and Luwu Regency. The population is all parents of the Bajo community in Bone Regency and Luwu Regency who have children attending elementary, junior high, high school and college as many as 325, with a research sample of 50 people. Data collection techniques used questionnaires and documentation. The data analysis technique used is quantitative analysis technique using descriptive statistical analysis with the percentage formula. The results showed that (1) the participation of the Bajo community in the field of education was still low. Generally, most respondents stated that they did not participate, and only a small number stated that they always and sometimes participated in education; (2) the forms of participation of the Bajo community in education include dedicating their energy, time, ideas, and materials.

CITATION (APA)

Syamsul, G. B., Thalib, W., & Nur, H. (2022). Examining Educational Participation in a Developing Country: The Case of Bajo Community of Bone and Luwu Districts within South Sulawesi in Indonesia. Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 6(3), 67-73. https://doi.org/10.30935/mjosbr/12065

REFERENCES

  1. Adi, I. R. (2009). Pemberdayaan, pengembangan masyarakat dan intervensi komunitas (Pengantar pada pemikiran pendekatan praktis) [Empowerment, community development and community intervention (Introduction to practical approach thinking)]. Lembaga Penerbit FEUI.
  2. Ahmadi, H. A., & Uhbiyati, N. (2001). Ilmu pendidikan [Educational science]. Rineka Cipta.
  3. Alifuddin, M., Alhamuddin, A., & Nurjannah, N. (2021). School of Anak Laut (Sea Children): Educational philanthropy movement in Bajo community of three-coral world center. Jurnal Iqra’: Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan [Jurnal Iqra’: Journal of Iqra ‘: A Study of Educational Science], 6(1), 164-179. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v6i1.1057
  4. Amir, S. (2013). Pancasila as integration philosophy of education and national character. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2(1), 54-57.
  5. Arikunto, S. (1998). Prosedur penelitian: Suatu pendekatan praktik [Research procedure: A practical approach]. Rineka Cipta.
  6. Bjork, C. (2006). Transferring authority to local school communities in Indonesia: Ambitious plans, mixed results. In C. Bjork (Ed.), Educational decentralization. Education in the Asia-Pacific region: Issues, concerns and prospects (pp. 129-147). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4358-1_9
  7. Bray, M. (1996). Counting the full cost: Parental and community financing of education in East Asia. World Bank Books. https://doi.org/10.1596/0-8213-3827-7
  8. CRI. (1945). Undang-undang Dasar Repubiik Indonesia Tahun 1945 [Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945]. https://jdih.bapeten.go.id/unggah/dokumen/peraturan/116-full.pdf
  9. Eka, E. (2017). Revisiting character education from Islamic perspective: A quest for character-based education in Indonesia. Ulumuna: Journal of Islamic Studies, 21(1), 1-32. https://doi.org/10.20414/ujis.v21i1.1156
  10. Fitriah, A., Sumintono, B., Subekti, N. B., & Hassan, Z. (2013). A different result of community participation in education: An Indonesian case study of parental participation in public primary schools. Asia Pacific Education Review, 14, 483-493. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-013-9275-8
  11. Government Regulation. (n. d.). Peraturan pemerintah nomor 39 tahun 1992 tentang peranserta masyarakat dalam pendidikan nasional [Government regulation number 39 of 1992 concerning community participation in national education]. https://peraturan.bpk.go.id/Home/Details/57760
  12. Ismanto, B. (2014). Funding policies on education reform in Indonesia. In International Conference on Fundamentals and Implementation of Education (pp. 96-103).
  13. Kusuma, P., Brucato, N., Cox, M. P., Letellier, T., Manan, A., Nuraini, C., Grangé, P., Sudoyo, H., & Ricaut, F.-X. (2017). The last sea nomads of the Indonesian archipelago: genomic origins and dispersal. European Journal of Human Genetics, 25(8), 1004-1010. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejhg.2017.88
  14. Law 20/2003. (n. d.). Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional [Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 20 of 2003 concerning the National Education System]. https://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/natlex4.detail?p_lang=en&p_isn=84435
  15. Lewis, B. D., & Pattinasarany, D. (2009). Determining citizen satisfaction with local public education in Indonesia: The significance of actual service quality and governance conditions. Growth and Change, 40(1), 85-115. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2257.2008.00462.x
  16. McWilliam, A. R., Wianti, N. I., & Taufik, Y. (2021). Poverty and prosperity among Sama Bajo fishing communities (Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia). Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 42(1), 132-148. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjtg.12349
  17. Mikkelson, B., & Nalle, M. (2004). Metode penelitian partisipatoris dan upaya-upaya pemberdayaan: Sebuah buku bagi para praktisi lapangan [Participatory research methods and empowerment efforts: A book for field practitioners]. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
  18. Pradhan, M. P., Suryadarma, D., Beatty, A., Wong, M., Gaduh, A., Alishjabana, A., & Artha, R. P. (2011). Improving educational quality through enhancing community participation: Results from a randomized field experiment in Indonesia. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 6(2), 105-126. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.6.2.105
  19. Priyanto, P. (2018). Character education on family environment in Indonesia. In International Conference of Empowering Moslem Society in Digital Era (pp. 62-73). https://doi.org/10.24090/icms.2018.1853
  20. Radcliffe-Brown, A. R. (1993). Structure and function in primitive society: Essays and address. Cohen & West Ltd.
  21. Said, B. (2015). Pengantar pendidikan [Introduction to education]. Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan UNM.
  22. Saleh, A., & Mujahiddin, M. (2020). Challenges and opportunities for community empowerment practices in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic through strengthening the role of higher education. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities, 3(2), 1105-1113. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i2.946
  23. Sudjana, H. D. (2000). Strategi pembelajaran (Pendidikan luar sekolah) [Learning strategy (Out of school education)]. Falah Production.
  24. Uphoff, N. T., Cohen, J. M., Goldsmith, A. A. (1979). Feasibility and application of rural development participation-a state-of-the-art paper. Cornel University.
  25. Wallerstein, N., & Bernstein, E. (1994). Introduction to community empowerment, participatory education, and health. Health Education Quarterly, 21(2), 141-148. https://doi.org/10.1177/109019819402100202
  26. Zacot, F. -R. (1979). Badjo atau bukan badjo: Itu soalnya [Badjo or not badjo: That’s the problem]. Prisma LP3ES.