Review Article

A Systematic Review of Reporting of Psychometric Properties in Educational Research

Simon Ntumi 1 * , Kwesi Twum Antwi-Agyakwa 2
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1 Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Educational Studies, University of Education, Winneba, West Africa, GHANA2 Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Cape Coast, West Africa, GHANA* Corresponding Author
Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 6(2), June 2022, 53-59,
Published: 22 March 2022
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Background: The validity and reliability of research outputs are important elements of the research trail. They drive accuracy, transparency, and minimize researcher biases, contributing to rigor and dependability. This paper reviews the frequency of published articles reporting the psychometric properties of the scales/subscales employed in educational research.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review of psychometric properties in educational research papers published between 2010 and 2020 from 15 education-related journals. In our search, we included quantitative studies with primary data. The methodological quality assessment was performed using trained reviewers. The search was conducted using PRISMA 2020 to identify, screen eligible papers for inclusion. The extracted was analyzed using SPSS v25 while reported and interpreted in descriptive statistics.
Findings: We extracted 763 papers published between 2010 and 2020 from 15 education-related journals. More than half of the articles reviewed did not report either validity (n=456 out of 763, 59.8%) or reliability (n=400, out of 763, 52.4%) statistic. For those reporting either validity or reliability, the alpha coefficient was the most widely used statistic to establish reliability (n=185, 50.9%) and correlation coefficient was frequently reported (n=219, 71.3%) for validity.
Conclusions: The paper concluded that to produce dependable conclusions and recommendations in educational research, it is imperative for researchers to pursue psychometric properties to ground their findings and take-home learning.


Ntumi, S., & Twum Antwi-Agyakwa, K. (2022). A Systematic Review of Reporting of Psychometric Properties in Educational Research. Mediterranean Journal of Social & Behavioral Research, 6(2), 53-59.


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